Harappan Ruins Lothal
|Lothal’s Harappan Ruins are by far the most important and significant tourist attractions of the place. One can take a stroll round the ancient dockyard, the bastion, the lower town, the bead factory and the storage houses. The advanced and modernized drainage system is something to marvel at. There is a museum right to the west that showcases a number of articles comprising of bronze and copper mirrors, painted potteries, miniature bullock carts used as toy items, jewelry, beads and a variety of objects made of stone, shell and bone. You can also take a close look at the seals from Bahrain, terracotta figures whose origin can be traced back to Sumeria and other objects from Egypt. Another interesting item on display is a model of the city made of plaster of Paris based on reconstructions made by archeologists
One of the southernmost outposts of the Indus civilisation, and certainly one of the most interesting of Harrapan townplanning, Lothal is around 80 kms from Ahmedabad. The unique lockgated dockyard is perhaps the greatest of maritime architecture from the ancient world, and to the Sabarmati river just before its meeting with the sea in Gulf of Cambay. The citadel is obviously seperated an acropolis, with its own paved baths, and a lower town more humble residential quarters, coppersmithing workshops, sheds and bead factories. The whole exhibits system an excellent of sanitary drainage.
Lothal is a city that is nearly 4500 years old. Stumbled upon by the archeologists in the second half of the twentieth century, Lothal enjoyed immense importance as a port town during the Harappan era. The Harappan ruins, Lothal have led the archaeologists and historians categorize the Harappan culture into two distinct phases. The remains that can be traced back to the period between 2440 and 1900 BC are an indicator to a flourishing Harappan culture. However the relics dating back to the 1900 to 1600 BC are representative of a declining culture
The Harappan Ruins, Lothal showcase the excellent architecture and town planning of the Harappans. The excavations at the site have revealed the existence of a town that was divided into two parts. The upper part was meant for the upper class people of the society while the lower part was dominated by the common town folks. A tour to Harappan Ruins Lothal reveals scientifically made drainage system, well laid out and paved roads and individual baths for every home.
The map in the archaelogical survey of India office, shows scores of Indus Valley sites scattered across the whole of Gujarat, most of them occupying positions near deltas, on the banks of rivers or near the sea coast.Around a dozen of them were sited along the Gulf of Cambay, and there is evidence that agate was mined here during the period. While this proves that the Harrapans had maritime tendencies, depended on water sources for their survival and navigated rivers and sea water for trade and communication, none of these ancient cities became a major scientific port like Lothal. For tourists interested in archaelogy and ancient civilisations, Lothal is a perfect place to get an insight into the Indus Valley civilisation
Lothal developed as the most important port and a centre of the bead industry until 1900 BC when the great flood resulted in 300 years of decline. However, the civilisation survived here in the 1600s and 1500s, after it disappeared from the northern provinces, and the result is a high maturity in town planning and a fine insight provided by less derelict ruins. The vitality of the civilisation at Lothal can be judged by the 3 floods that resulted in large scale destruction, but did not dampen the ambitions of the inhabitants. Instead they breached the gaps and rebuilt the important structures on higher platforms. On the contrary, after the 2200 BC floods, the northwest section beyond the bazaar was enlarged further and additions were made to the ruler's palace and the merchant houses.
|Address:Harappan Ruins, Lothal,Gujrat,India|
|Nearest City: Bavla|
|Language: Gujarati, Hindi.|
|Best time to visit: October to March|
|Maximum temperature during summer hovers around 23°- 44°C while the minimum temperature during winter dips down to around 10°-36°C.|
Lothal was discovered after India had to give up the sites of Harappa and Mohenjodaro to Pakistan during the partition in 1947. A flourishing and prosperous city during the Harappan era, its culture can be divided into two phases. The remains dating from 2440 to 1900 b.c. are of a mature and thriving Harappan culture while those belonging from 1900 to 1600 b.c. represent the late Harappan culture in its state of decline.
As in the other cities of the Indus Valley Civilization, Lothal too had excellent architecture and town planning. Excavations have revealed a town neatly divided into two parts. The upper part or the acropolis was where the ruler and other important people of the city lived while the lower part was meant for the common folks. The entire city had a scientific drainage system, well laid-out, paved roads and a bath for every house, some of which were double storied and built on mud platforms.
The most architecturally sophisticated part of Lothal was its dockyard, which provided berthing facilities for the ships. Constructed from kiln-fired bricks, the dock comprised a basin 214 meters long, 36 meters wide, and 13 meters deep. A 13-meter wide channel on the northern side was included to facilitate entry of ships. Near the dock were warehouses for storage of cargo brought in by the ships.
Lothal was an active business center and had business links with Mesopotamia, Egypt and Persia. Beads made in the city were quite famous and there is evidence of a bead factory in Lothal. Pottery was another flourishing industry. The ruins of a fire altar suggest that the people of Lothal worshipped the fire god along with the sea god.The unique Harappan system of weights and measures was used in Lothal too. Bricks were in a perfect ratio of 100×50×25, and the decimal system was used for measuring width.
Interesting things to do:
The people of Lothal worshipped a fire god, speculated to be the horned deity depicted on seals named Atha (Athar) and Arka, which is also evidenced by the presence of private and public fire-altars where sacrifices of animals and cattle were apparently conducted. Archaeologists have discovered gold pendants, charred ashes of terra-cotta cakes and pottery, bovine remains, beads and other signs that may indicate the practice of the Gavamayana sacrifice, associated with the ancient Vedic religion.
Interesting things to Visit:
strong large ceramic jars, human and animal figurines, as well as toys and games-figures.A thick ring-like shell object found with four slits each in two margins served as a compass to measure angles on plane surfaces or in the horizon in multiples of 40 degrees, up to 360 degrees. Such shell instruments were probably invented to measure 8–12 whole sections of the horizon and sky, explaining the slits on the lower and upper margins.
Copper and stone tools:
Tn beautiful designs of human and animal figurines, often of bulls.Lothali copper is unusually pure, lacking the arsenic typically used by coppersmiths across the rest of the Indus valley. The city imported ingots from probable sources in the Arabian peninsula. Workers mixed tin with copper for the manufacture of celts, arrowheads, fishhooks, chisels, bangles, rings, drills and spearheads, although weapon manufacturing was minor. They also employed advanced metallurgy in following the cire perdue technique of casting, and used more than one-piece moulds for casting birds and animals
Mobile range info:
How to reach?
|Nearest Railway Station:Bhurkhi railway station,Bhavnagar to Ahmedabad railway line.|
|Nearest Airport:Ahmedbad (78 km),Airport|
|Road Transport:State and private buses are always available. Apart from this,Lothal is 78 km from Ahmedabad. Buses from Ahmedabad take 3 hours.|
Nearest Visiting places:
|Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary:
A black tailed godwit gracefully descends upon the tranquil water, flutters its wings and sails on. A small, brown and white wader with a slightly up curved bill, the bird has traveled 3500 kms from its nesting ground in Central Europe to spend the winter at Nalsarovar in Gujarat!.Clouds upon clouds of more than 200 types of birds land in this lake having made an equally long journey to escape the harsh winter of their nesting areas. Here they find food and warmth. These migrant birds visit Nalsarovar every year from November to February. During these four months water is plentiful and fish, insects and aquatic plants abound in the lake - an ideal environment for the birds.Nalsarovar at this time is a birdwatcher's delight.
When food and water are scarce in Nalsarovar, some birds go away for short periods to nearby areas and return to the lake after monsoon to a feast of fish and insects. These are the resident birds. The lake - Nalsarovar - and the wetlands around it were declared a bird sanctuary in 1969. Spread over 120 sq.kms, the lake and the extensive reed beds and marshes are an ideal habitat for aquatic plants and animals. The lake attracts a large variety of birds like plovers, sandpipers and stints.
Thol lake bird sanctuary:
A visual treat for any tourist and a treasurable experience for a bird watcher or ornithologists, this place is home to more than 100 species of birds. Cranes, geese, flamingoes, pelicans, egrets, herons, spoonbills, ducks, whistling teals and many other migratory birds nest and breed in the lap of this natures exuberance. The most commonly noticed Indian Saras Crane with its long bare legs, elongated head and red head gracefully pecks insects while walking around the lake with dance like movements. This bird which flaunts the status of being the tallest flying bird on earth is often see in pairs and has over centuries inspired poets and artists with its elegance and beauty.
Nearest Petrol Pump:
|HP Petrol Pump: NH-8A, Bavla.Ahmedabad,Gujrat,India,Ph: 02714-32089
Alakha Petrol pump:Limbdi,Gujarat,India
|Avantika Hotel:Limbdi,Surendranagar,Gujarat,India,Ph:02753 260794
Hotel Shiv International:SH 20,Surendra Nagar,Gujarat,India
Things to carry:
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Help Line/Phone Number:
Gandhi Hospital:SH 20,Surendra Nagar,Gujarat,India
|Society/Community Phone Number:|
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|Tomb of Ahmed Shah|
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|Sabarmati Ashram is situated on the banks of River Sabarmati. It was founded in the year 1917 AD and is also known as Gandhi Ashram or the Harijan Ashram. The ashram once served as the residence of the Father of the Nation. It is from this place that Gandhiji spearheaded the Dandi March, on 12th March 1930.The March was an important event in the freedom struggle of India. It was aimed at revolting against the salt laws imposed by the British Government. The ashram faces the prison on one side and the river on the other.Sabarmati Ashram, formerly known as Satyagraha Ashram, situated in Ahmedabad at the Kocharab Bungalow of Jivanlal Desai a barrister. Later on it was shifted to the banks of Sabarmati river and then it came to be known as Sabarmati Ashram. Gandhi stayed at the Ashram from 1915 to 1933 later on the Ashram was disbanded. The Ashram is a witness to many important historical events....more|
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|Dada Hari Wav|
|Dada Hari Vav is an octagonal shaped well, which is located below the ground level. This underground well has been intricately carved in the typical Gujarati designs. Made from fine stone work of Gujarat, the well has been drawing more and more tourists year after year. While designing this stepped well, adequate attention was paid to its each and every detail. This is indicative from the fact that, right from pillars to walls to steps, everything has been beautifully decorated. The visiting hours of the well are from 09:00 am to 05:00 pm.The Dada Hari Vav, Ahmedabad is a uniquely designed octagonal shaped step well in Ahmedabad. The interiors and the underground of the Dada Hari Vav, Ahmedabad has been intricately designed. Each year tourists from all over are allured to visit this unique step well which is one of the major tourist attractions of Gujarat....more|
|Adalaj Vav is a five-storied step-well located in a small sleepy village named Adalaj, about 15 km from Gandhinagar city. Adalaj Vav was built in 1499.There are about 120 vavs or step-wells spread across the Indian state of Gujarat. The oldest vav is the Rani vav or Queen's vav, which is located in Patan and dates back to the 11th century AD. However, the vav situated in the small village of Adlaj is the most popular one. The Adlaj vav is in fact a na vav, literally meaning an upside down architecture of a step-well.Built entirely of sandstone, one can enter into this step-well from three sides, which consist of octagonal landings with huge carved colonnades and intricately carved niches. The architecture of this well also shows the influence of the earlier Solanki rulers of Gujarat....more|
|Rani ki Vav|
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|Shreyas Folk Museum|
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|Lalbhai Dalpatbhai Museum|
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|Calico Museum of Textiles|
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|NC Mehta Gallery|
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|Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary|
|A black tailed godwit gracefully descends upon the tranquil water, flutters its wings and sails on. A small, brown and white wader with a slightly up curved bill, the bird has traveled 3500 kms from its nesting ground in Central Europe to spend the winter at Nalsarovar in Gujarat.Clouds upon clouds of more than 200 types of birds land in this lake having made an equally long journey to escape the harsh winter of their nesting areas. Here they find food and warmth. These migrant birds visit Nalsarovar every year from November to February. During these four months water is plentiful and fish, insects and aquatic plants abound in the lake an ideal environment for the birds. Nalsarovar at this time is a birdwatcher's delight....more|
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|The Sabarmati River originates from the ranges of Arravalli in the Udaipur district of Rajasthan, Western India. The river is about 371 km in length. In its initial course, the river is also called as Wakal. The river empties into the Gulf of Cambay of Arabian Sea. The river traverses a stretch of about 400 Km. The Banas basin lies to the east of the river, while the Mahi Basin lie to its north, and the Luni Basin to its west. The southern boundary of the river flows along the border of the Gujarat State. The total area of the Basin is 4,164 km square.The course of River Sabarmati extends for almost 371 km in western India. The Sabarmati River starts its journey in the Aravalli Range of the Udaipur District of Rajasthan....more|
|A visit to Tourism of Gujarat offers information about the land of color and gaiety that Gujarat is situated in India. Tourism of Gujarat, offers information about the Sarkhej fair which is an annual event held in Gujaratin India. Sarkhej Fair, being held every year in Gujarat, India, witnesses a conglomeration of a large number of people from various parts of the state of Gujarat, situated in India.Tourism of Gujarat, takes a tourist on an odyssey across the confines of Gujarat, situated in India with the Sarkhej fair, being one of the most popular and the most significant Muslim fair in the region. Sarkhej Fair is held in the southern outskirts of the city of Ahmedabad, located in Gujarat, India....more|